Robert Elsie | NEWS  | AL ArtAL History | AL Language | AL Literature | AL Photography | Contact |

English  Robert Elsie

Writer, translator, interpreter, specialist in Albanian studies

 

English   deutsch   shqip

 

Books  
Articles
Interviews
Reviews

 

 Curriculum vitae

 Contact


Webdesign J. Groß

The Cham Albanians of Greece: a Documentary History

Edited by Robert Elsie and Bejtullah Destani

ISBN  978-1-780760-00-1
I.B. Tauris in association with
the Centre for Albanian Studies, London 2013
xliv + 455 pp.

This volume brings together for the first time in English a large number of historical documents on Chameria and the Albanian Chams as an ethnic minority in Greece in order to provide a better understanding of their history and of the Cham issue. The documents, including many from the archives of the British Foreign Office, have been ordered chronologically and are grouped around with three significant turning points in Cham history: (1) Chameria from the Ottoman Empire to Albanian Independence and the First World War, (2) Chameria after the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923, and (3) Chameria in the Second World War and Thereafter. This book thus endeavours to cast light on a neglected chapter of southern Balkan history, sorrowful as it may still be to some readers and irritating as it may still be to others.

 

Table of Contents

Introduction

Maps

Chameria from the Ottoman Empire to Albanian Independence
and the First World War

1889
A description of Chameria in the late Ottoman period, taken from the entries on the towns and regions of southern Epirus as published by Sami bey Frashëri in his 4,830-page Ottoman Turkish dictionary entitled Kamus al-a’lam (Universal Dictionary of History and Geography), published in Istanbul in the years 1889-1898.

1913.05.20
Letter from Mehmed Konitza and Philippe Nogga, delegates of the Albanian government during the Conference of Ambassadors in London, dated 20 May 1913, sent to Sir Edward Grey, British Foreign Secretary, to draw attention to outrages committed by Greek bands (in French).

1914.02.13
Three telegrams from relief worker Raymond Duncan in Epirus, sent to Sir Edward Grey, British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, dated 13, 17 and 19 February 1914, concerning outrages committed against Muslims in the southern Albania border region.

1914.04.13
Letter from Harry Lamb, British delegate on the International Control Commission, to Sir Edward Grey, British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, dated 13 April 1914, containing three telegrams from Mehdi bey Frashëri, dated 11 and 13 April 1914, concerning the ill-treatment of the Albanian inhabitants in the districts of southern Albania occupied by Greek troops.

1914.07.15
Report from Harry Lamb, British delegate on the International Control Commission, to Sir Edward Grey, British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, dated 15 July 1914, containing a report by W. A. Fox-Strangways, British consular assistant, dated 15 July 1914, and a letter from Edith Durham to Harry Lamb, on the chaotic situation in Vlora on the eve of the Greek invasion.

1914.07.16
Letter from Harry Lamb, British delegate on the International Control Commission, to Sir Edward Grey, the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, dated 16 July 1914, concerning the situation of the refugees in Vlora.

1915
Memorandum by Mid’hat bey Frashëri denouncing the ravaging and destruction of much of southern Albania by Greek military and paramilitary forces in 1913.

1919.02.27
Transcript of a session of the international Commission upon Greek Territorial Questions, dated 27 February 1919, in which Turhan Pasha Përmeti, Michael Tourtoullis (Mihal Turtulli), Mehmet bey Konitza present the Albanian case, and Alexandros Carapanos of the Greek delegation of Northern Epirus presents the Greek case.

1919.03.01
Document of the Paris Peace Conference, dated 1 March 1919, concerning the Greek-Albanian border.

1919.07.05
Letter from seven Albanian intellectuals: Pandeli Evangheli (Pandeli Evangjeli), Demetre Beratti (Dhimitër Berati), Michel Chan (Mihal Çani?) Tepelena, Paraskevi Kyrias (Paraskevi Qiriazi), Mihal Grameno, Nikolla Lako and Petro Harissiadhi, dated 5 July 1919, and sent to the head of the British delegation at the Paris Peace Conference, to protest about the claims of Mr Carapanos to be the elected representative of the people of Northern Epirus (in French).

1920.02.11
Appeal from Veip Demi, President of the Tchameria Society of Worcester, Massachusetts, to the Chairman of the Paris Peace Conference, dated 11 February 1920, for the restoration of Chameria to Albania.

1921.07.19
Article published in the Vlora newspaper Politika, No. 27, dated 19 July 1921, by an unknown author using the pseudonym Voice of Chameria, in which he rails at Greek oppression of the Chams.

1922.03.16
Letter from the head of the British mission in Durrës sent to the British Foreign Secretary, Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, dated 16 March 1922, concerning allegations of the oppression of Albanians in Chameria.

1922.12.11
Letter from Mehmed Konitza of the Albanian legation in London sent to the British Foreign Secretary, Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, dated 11 December 1922, containing a telegram he received from the Albanian government on 9 December 1922 and a letter from the prefect of Korça (Koritza), dated 14 November 1922, all denouncing the situation of the Albanians in Greece and calling for their protection.

 

Chameria after the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923

1923.01.12
Letter to the London Times from Edward Gleichen and Aubrey Herbert, dated 12 January 1923, appealing for a stop to the expulsion of Albanians from Greece.

1923.01.26
Report by Charles Henry Bentinck, British chargé d’affaires in Athens, dated 26 January 1923, sent to the British Foreign Secretary, Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, as well as a letter dated 15 February 1923, containing information from a Greek merchant from the village of Plisivitsa near Filat/Filiates on the treatment of the Muslim Chams.

1923.03.21
Article by H. F. Spender, published in the London newspaper The Westminster Gazette, dated 21 March 1923, concerning the fate of the Albanian Chams in the Greek-Turkish population exchange.

1923.08.24
Anonymous article in the fortnightly newspaper Gazeta e Korçës (The Korça Gazette), dated 24 August 1923, denouncing plans in Greece to expel Muslim Albanians to Turkey.

1923.11.12
Letter from Mehmed Konitza of the Albanian Legation in London to the British Foreign Secretary, Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, dated 12 November 1923, concerning the situation of the Chams.

1923.11.16
Letter from Mehmed Konitza of the Albanian Legation in London to the British Foreign Secretary, Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, dated 16 November 1923, containing a petition from Naki Musa, representative of the inhabitants of Chameria in Tirana and Dr. Assaf Çami, representative of the Cham Brotherhood, dated 26 October 1923.

1923.11.24
Letter from Mehmed Konitza of the Albanian Legation in London to the British Foreign Secretary, Marquess Curzon of Kedleston, dated 24 November 1923, on a request for action by the League of Nations.

1923.12.06
Letter from T. E. Blinishti, director of the Permanent Albanian Secretariat accredited to the League of Nations, to the Secretary-General of the League of Nations, dated 6 December 1923, with 6 attachments.

1923.12.17
Extract from the Minutes of 10th Meeting of Council of the League of Nations on 17 December 1923, on the position of the Albanian Moslems as regards the exchange of population.

1923.12.17
League of Nations Resolution adopted on 17 December 1923, on the situation of the Moslems of Albanian Race in Greece.

1924.01.24
Article in the Albanian-American newspaper, Dielli (The Sun), No. 2667, published in Boston and dated 22 January 1924, containing a letter and appeal from Musa Demi of Filat, dated 16 December 1923, sent to Faik bey Konitza, the Chairman of Vatra, the Pan-Albanian Federation of America, concerning the loss by the loss of civil rights, in particular the right to vote, by the Muslim Chams in Greece.

1924.02.11
Memorandum written by Asaf Çami, Chairman of the Cham Fraternal Society (Vëllazëria Çame) of Tirana and sent to Ahmet Zogu, the Albanian prime minister, in which he appeals for assistance on the Cham issue. Published in the Vlora newspaper Politika on 11 February 1924.

1924.03.17
Letter from Mehmed Konitza of the Albanian Legation in London to British Prime Minister and Foreign Secretary James Ramsay MacDonald, dated 17 March 1924.

1924.06.19
League of Nations instructions issued by the Mixed Commission on the question of exemption of Moslems of Albanian origin in Greece from the exchange of Greek and Turkish population, dated 19 June 1924, and published in the Official Journal of the League of Nations in August 1924.

1924.08.11
Letter from the Albanian Delegation accredited to the League of Nations, addressed to the Secretary-General, with six annexes, dated 11 August 1924.

1924.08.28
Memorandum by the Secretary-General of the League of Nations, dated 28 August 1924, following the Council resolution of 17 December 1923, on the Situation of the Moslems of Albanian Race of Greece.

1924.09
Remarks of Fan S. Noli, representative of Albania, and of M. Politis, representative of Greece on the question of Moslems of Albanian Origin in Greece, published in the Official Journal of the League of Nations in October 1924, p. 1353-1355.

1924.09
Explanations by Fan S. Noli, representative of Albania, and M Politis, representative of Greece, on the Question of the Frontier between Albania and Greece, published in the Official Journal of the League of Nations in October 1924, p. 1374-1375.

1924.09
Report and Resolution of the Council of the League of Nations on the Question of Moslems of Albanian Origin in Greece, published in the Official Journal of the League of Nations in October 1924, p. 1367-1368.

1924.09.15
Mémoire sur l’Echange des Populations Gréco-Turques et les Albanais musulmans de Grèce, avec deux annexes, submitted by the Albanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the French, Italian and British legations in Albania, dated 15 September 1924, and further transmitted by the British legation to Prime Minister and Foreign Secretary James Ramsay MacDonald (in French).

1924.09.19
Letter from Albanian Prime Minister Fan S. Noli, dated 19 September 1924, and his remarks on the question of the frontiers of Albania, made before the Council of the League of Nations, published in the Official Journal of the League of Nations in October 1924, p. 1335-1336.

1924.09.27
Letter from the Albanian Prime Minister Fan S. Noli to the Secretary-General of the League of Nations, written on 27 September 1924, submitted to the Council on 3 October 1924, on the question of the frontier between Albania and Greece, and published in the Official Journal of the League of Nations in October 1924, p. 1635.

1924.09.29
Memorandum by the Secretary-General of the League of Nations, submitted to the Council on 29 September 1924, and published in the Official Journal of the League of Nations in October 1924, p. 1600-1603.

1924.10.27
Telegram from the Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs, dated 27 October 1924, and forwarded on 28 October 1924 by Mr Dendramis, the Greek Chargé d Affaires at Berne, to the Council of the League of Nations, concerning 1000 to 1500 Albanian refugees.

1924.10.28
Report by the Spanish Representative of the Council of the League of Nations, Mr Quiñones de León, on the situation of the Moslems of Albanian Origin in Greece, dated 28 October 1924, and adopted by the Council.

1924.12.05
Letter from the Greek Government, dated 5 December 1924, serving as a reply to the Report by the Spanish Representative of the Council of the League of Nations, Mr Quiñones de León, on the situation of the Moslems of Albanian Origin in Greece, dated 28 October 1924.

1925.10.17
Communication from Mid'hat bey Frashëri, the Albanian Minister in Athens, to the Secretary-General of the League of Nations, dated 17 October, 1925, for the restitution of the property of 110 Albanian families who had taken refuge in Albania, and observations by the Greek Government thereon, dated 23 January 1926.

1925.11
Report of Viscount Ishii on the Moslems of Albanian Origin in Greece in the Exchange of Populations between Greece and Turkey, with views expressed by the Albanian representative, Mehdi bey Frashëri, and the chairman of the Mixed Commission, General Manuel Manrique de Lara, November (?) 1925

1925.11.11
Petition from Abedin Haki Seiko, dated 11 November 1925, on the expropriation of sixteen farms belonging to a number of families in the Sub-Prefecture of Filat, together with observations of the Greek Government thereon, dated 19 March 1926.

1925.11.14
Five telegrams from Iljaz bey Vrioni, Albanian Minister of Foreign Affairs, to the League of Nations, dated 12, 14, 15, 21, and 22 November 1925, concerning the situation of the Moslems of Albanian Origin in Greece.

1925.11.16
Letter from Albanian Prime Minister, Iljaz bey Vrioni, to the President of the Ambassadors’ Conference in Paris, Aristide Briand, dated 16 November 1925 (in French).

1925.11.16
Two telegrams from General Manuel Manrique de Lara, Chairman of the Mixed Commission for the exchange of Greek and Turkish populations, mandatory to the Council of the League of Nations, dated 16 and 18 November 1925.

1925.12.05
Telegram from Rexhep Koburi, President of the Chameria Society in America, sent to Sir Eric Drummond, General Secretary of the League of Nations in Geneva, dated 5 December 1925, appealing to the League to hinder the expulsion of Muslim Chams to Turkey.

1925.12.20
Petition to the League of Nations, dated 20 December 1925, submitted by the inhabitants of the villages of Gardik (Gardhiq) and Dragoumi (Dragumi) who have taken refuge in Albania, and observations by the Greek Government thereon, dated 3 March 1926 (in French).

1926.01.05
Anonymous letter from Preveza, published in the fortnightly newspaper Gazeta e Korçës (The Korça Gazette), No. 249, dated 5 January 1926, dealing with the fate of the inhabitants of Gardhiq.

1926.01.07
Letter from Jules Cambon of the Ambassadors’ Conference in Paris to Malik bey Libohova of the Albanian Legation in Paris, dated 7 January 1926, in response to the latter’s protest at the Greek government’s alleged proposal to exchange 5,000 Albanian Chams for 5,000 Greeks in Constantinople (in French).

1926.01.19
Note from C. Howard Smith of the Central Department of the British Foreign Office, dated 19 January 1926, on a visit from Djamal Fasheri (Xhemal Frashëri) of the Albanian Legation in London in connection with a request for a loan for Albanian refugees.

1926.01.19
Dispatch from Sir Joshua Milne Cheetham, British ambassador to Greece, to British Foreign Secretary Sir Austen Chamberlain, dated 19 January 1926, containing notes from a conversation with Dr Bebis, a Greek deputy of Philiates (Filat), on the Muslim Albanians of Chameria.

1926.01.20
Petition to the League of Nations, dated 20 January 1926, submitted by Abedin Dule Xhemali concerning his situation and that of his family, and observations by the Greek Government thereon, dated 29 March 1926 (in French).

1926.02.05
Petition to the League of Nations, dated 5 February 1926, submitted by Haki Musa Sejko on his behalf and that of sixty families of Filat concerning the expropriation of their property by the Greek authorities, and observations by the Greek Government thereon, dated 29 March 1926 (in French).

1926.02.13
Petition to the League of Nations, dated 13 February 1926, submitted by Nusret Gazali concerning the expropriation of his property by the Greek authorities, and observations by the Greek Government thereon, dated 4 June 1926 (in French).

1926.03.01
Letter from Mehdi Frashëri, the Albanian delegate, to the Secretary-General of the League of Nations, dated 1 March 1926, concerning the villages of Kardiqi and Dragumi (Dragoumi), and corresponding telegrams from the Mandatories, dated 4 and 8 March 1926.

1926.03.16
Extract from the Provisional Minutes of the Fourth Meeting of the Thirty-Ninth Session of the Council of the League of Nations, held on the Protection of the Moslem Minority of Albanian Origin in Greece, and in particular on the village of Kardiqi (Gardiki) and Dragumi, dated 16 March 1926.

1926.05.05
Letter from K. M. Widding, representing the Mandatories of the Council for the Protection of the Moslem Minority of Albanian Origin in Greece, concerning the conclusion of their work, dated 5 May 1926, and the final report of the Mandatories, dated 14 July 1926.

1927.08.05
Petition, dated 5 August 1927, from Ali Dino, former deputy, addressed to the Secretary-General of the League of Nations, on behalf of the inhabitants of Gardiki (Gardik) and Dragumi (Dragoumi) with regard to the continued requisition of their houses and lands for the benefit of refugees, and observations by the Greek Government thereon, dated 16 December 1927 (in French).

1927.08.28
Petition signed by certain persons claiming to be the delegates of the Chams, in Epirus, dated 28 August 1927, received by the Secretary-General of the League of Nations on 5 September 1927, and observations by the Greek Government thereon, dated 16 December 1927 (in French).

1927.09.03
Telegram from Gjirokastra, dated 3 September 1927, sent as a petition from five Albanians representing numerous villages in the Filat region and addressed to the Secretary-General of the League of Nations, in which they complain about their lost land and lack of proper compensation, and the observations of the Greek Government thereon (in French).

1927.11.28
Article by Lumo Skendo (penname of Mid'hat bey Frashëri) published on 28 November 1927 in the Tirana newspaper Telegraf, concerning the fate of the Chams of Epirus and the Albanian Orthodox of Istanbul.

1928.01.20
Petition from representatives of the Albanian minority of Parga including Meshid I. Leskowik (Meshid Leskoviku), dated 20 January 1928, addressed to the Secretary-General of the League of Nations, concerning the confiscation of their mosque and vakuf (in French).

1928.02.03
Confidential memorandum addressed by the Albanian Legation at Athens to the Greek Government, dated 3 February 1928, concerning the situation of the Cham minority in Greece.

1928.02.03
Letter from the Albanian Legation in Athens to the Greek Minister of Foreign Affairs, dated 3 February 1928, concerning a request for compensation for expropriated land.

1928.03.01
Letter from the Iljaz Vrioni, Albanian Minister of Foreign Affairs to the Secretary-General of the League of Nations, dated 1 March 1928, concerning the situation of the Cham minority in Greece.

1928.04.10
Telegram from Iljaz Vrioni (Ilias Vrioni), Albanian Minister of Foreign Affairs, dated 10 April 1928, to the Secretary-General of the League of Nations, requesting that the question of Albanian properties in Greece be put on the agenda of the Council session in June 1928.

1928.04.14
Protest from Mehmet Konitza, dated 14 April 1928, and published in the Albanian newspaper Telegraf on 15 April 1928.

1928.04.18
Telegram, dated 18 April 1928, from Marchese Giacomo Paolucci de Calboli Barone, Under Secretary-General of the League of Nations, sent to Grandi, Deputy Secretary of State at the Italian Foreign Ministry in Rome, and transmitted on 1 May 1928 to the Italian legation in Athens.

1928.05.17
British Foreign Office Memorandum, dated 17 May 1928, drawn up by Oliver Charles Harvey for the use of Sir Austen Chamberlain, the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, at the League of Nations in Geneva, concerning the Albanian Government’s complaint to the League.

1928.06.05
Extract from final minutes of the 2nd meeting, public and private, of the 50th Session of the Council of the League of Nations, held on 5 June 1928 in Geneva, on the question of the properties of Albanians in Greece and the Albanian Minority in Greece – a request by the Albanian Government under Article 11 of the Covenant, with the interventions of Mehdi Frashëri, the representative of Albania, and Nikolaos Politis, the representative of Greece.

1928.06.09
Extract from the final minutes of the 8th meeting and Resolution of the 50th Session of the Council of the League of Nations, held on 9 June 1928, following the request of the Albanian Government under Article 11 of the Covenant, concerning the questions of the properties of the Albanians in Greece and of the Albanian minority in Greece, with the interventions of Mehdi Frashëri, the representative of Albania, and Nikolaos Politis, the representative of Greece.

1929.09.30
Extract from despatch No. 12 of the British consul in Corfu, dated 30 September 1929, concerning the security situation and minorities in Epirus.

1929.10.12
Despatch to the British Foreign Office from Oliver Charles Harvey of the British Legation in Athens, dated 12 October 1929, containing a despatch from Douglas William Keane, British consul in Corfu, dated 30 September 1929, on the state of security in Epirus.

1930.02.25
Despatch from Sir Robert Hodgson, head of the British legation in Albania, dated 25 February 1930, to Mr Henderson, concerning Greco-Albanian relations, in particular the differences between the Phanar (Orthodox Patriarchate in Constantinople) and the new Albanian Autocephalic Church.

1930.02.28
Petition to the Secretary General of the League of Nations, dated 28 February 1930, from inhabitants of Paramythia concerning the expropriation of their properties by the Greek Government, and observations by the Greek Government thereon, dated 10 June 1930 (in French).

1930.04.06
Petition from the inhabitants of Paramythia, dated 6 April 1930, to the Secretary General of the League of Nations, concerning the expropriation of their property (in French).

1930.05
Petition of six Albanians from Dragumi (Dragomi), of May 1930, to the Secretary General of the League of Nations, to protest about the expropriation of their property, and observations by the Greek Government thereon, dated 9 September 1930 (in French).

1931.04.14
Letter of the Minorities Committee of the League of Nations, dated 14 April 1931, after examination of a petition from certain inhabitants of Dragumi of May 1930, and a second letter of the Minorities Committee of the League of Nations, dated 14 September 1931, after examination of two petitions from certain Moslems of Albanian origin of the town of Paramythia (Epirus), both concerning the expropriation of their properties.

1931.09.01
Petition of Ms Vehibe Hayati Hulussi of Janina, dated 1 September 1931, concerning her personal situation and that of her children, and the observations of the Greek Government thereon, dated 18 April 1932 (in French).

1932.03.16
Letter of the Minorities Committee of the League of Nations, dated 16 March 1932, after examination of a petition, dated 3 September 1927, from several Moslems of Albanian origin inhabiting certain villages in the districts of Filiati (Filat) and Tchamouria (Chameria) in Epirus.

1932.05.02
Letter from the Minorities Committee of the League of Nations, dated 2 May 1932, concerning the petition, dated 20 July 1927, from Mr Housso Ilias Loukavitchiotis regarding the situation of several families of Albanian origin in Parga, and the observations of the Greek Government thereon.

1932.05.17
Letter of the Minorities Committee of the League of Nations, dated 17 May 1932, concerning the petition, dated 20 January 1928, from certain Moslem inhabitants of Parga regarding the position of their mosque, and the observations of the Greek Government thereon.

1934.11.29
Petition from Lec Kurti, the Albanian representative at the League of Nations, dated 29 November 1934, concerning the situation of the Albanian minority in Chameria (in French).

 

Chameria in the Second World War and Thereafter

1940.09.21
Text of a letter sent by Veip Demi, President of the Albanian Society Chameria of Hartford, Connecticut, dated 21 September 1940, to the editor of the Times of London, containing a resolution recording opposition to Italian policy for Albania and refuting Italian claims of interest in the well-being of the Chams of Greece.

1944.01.04
Letter from the Supreme Command of the German Wehrmacht, Army Group Southeast, dated 4 January 1944, suggesting the appointment of Masar (?) Dino as head of the prefecture of Thesprotia (Chameria).

1944.07.07
German military document of Army Group Southeast, dated 7 July 1944, for a commission to travel through Chameria for 8-10 days to report on the Albanian-Greek conflict.

1944.10.17
Text of a protest by the “Anti-Fascist Committee of Cham Immigrants” in exile in Albania, dated 17 October 1944, as broadcast on Radio Tirana on 18 December 1944.

1945.01.08
Two related reports by British military forces on the Albanian minority in Epirus, dated 31 December 1944 and 8 January 1945.

1945.01.23
British military document sent by F. W. Deakin of the Bari Office of the Representative of the Resident Minister Central Mediterranean to Philip Broad of the Caserta Office of the Resident Minister Central Mediterranean, dated 23 January 1945, concerning events in Chameria in 1944.

1945.04.09
British military report by Lieutenant Colonel C. A. S. Palmer on his visit to northern Greece, dated 9-14 April 1945.

1945.04.15

Extract from a British military report by Brigadier M. A. Hodgson, Commander of the British Military Mission in Albania, dated ca. 15 April 1945, on a visit he made to southern Albania accompanied by Lieutenant Colonel Palmer.

1945.04.23
Letter from R. A. Leeper of the British Mission in Athens to British Foreign Secretary, Anthony Eden, dated 23 April 1945, containing two British military reports on the situation of the Chams in the spring of 1945: one from Lieutenant P. R. N. Payne, dated 18 April 1945, and one from Lieutenant Colonel D. W. S. Hunt, dated 16 April 1945, containing notes from a conversation with Lieutenant Colonel Palmer of the British Military Mission in Albania of 13 April 1945.

1945.07.14
Report of an inquiry held by Vassili Papayannis, Greek army commander, dated 14 July 1945, concerning an alleged massacre of Muslim Chams on 12-18 March 1945, in which the author concludes that no such incident took place and that the main suspects were innocent of any crimes.

1945.07.19
Letter from several Albanian residents of Rome, dated 19 July 1945, sent to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to counter Greek claims that the Orthodox Albanians of southern Albania were actually Greeks (in French).

1945.08.24
Article published in the Moscow Daily Press, No. 232, section 3, Joint Press Reading Service, dated 24 August 1945, by R. Karmen, concerning Greco-Albanian relations and the situation of the Chams.

1945.10.03
Memorandum of the Chamorian Council, dated ca. 3 October 1945, sent to the President of the Conference of Foreign Secretaries in London, in which the Council calls for the return of the Chams to their homes and equal rights.

1945.10.16
British military report by Colonel C. M. Woodhouse, dated 16 October 1945, following the massacres in Filat and Paramithia.

1945.11.27
Report published in the Soviet Monitor of TASS News Agency, dated 27 November 1945, quoting a letter to Mr McNeil, British Under-Secretary of Foreign Affairs, from the Anti-Fascist Committee of Chameria Refugees, published originally in Bashkimi newspaper in Tirana

1945.12.04
Letter from J. Romanos, the Chargé d’Affaires of the Royal Embassy in Greece in London, dated 4 December 1945, and sent to D. S. Laskey of the British Foreign Office, concerning anti-Greek propaganda of the Cham Muslims and containing a note on Circular orders said to have been issued by Nuri Dino against the Greek forces of Napoleon Zervas on 10 July 1944, and the said Circular taken from the Greek translation thereof.

1946
Memorandum of the “Anti-Fascist Committee of Cham Immigrants” in exile in Albania, submitted to the Human Rights Commission of the United Nations in 1946, concerning Greek persecution of the Chams.

1947
Statements of Cham refugees in Albania who survived the massacres of 1944 and 1945 in Filat, Paramithia and elsewhere. These statements were taken for the most part in early 1947 and are preserved in the Archives of the Albanian Ministry of the Interior and the Central Archives of Albania.

Biographical Notes on Some Prominent Figures Referred to in the Documents

Glossary of Place Names

Bibliography

Index

 

BACK

TOP